Note: Palm oil production is a main driver of deforestation in Indonesia. It will certainly have the same impact in Peru and Colombia. Using monoculture tree plantations to replace our insatiable need for fossil fuels is dangerous. Increasing the presence of palm oil plantations also supports the development of new genetically engineered tree species, like GE Eucalyptus, which are more suited to thrive in fast growing plantations. Sign the petition to stop GE trees here. And sign on to stop the free trade agreement between the EU, Peru and Colombia here
-The GJEP Team
December 4, 2012. Source: Rainforest-Rescue
Conflicts between local residents and mining companies over land and water in Peru and Colombia have worsened steadily in recent years. In August 2012, 148 environmental conflicts that cost 16 human lives were listed in Peru. The situation is even worse in Colombia. Transnational corporations are destroying the environment while maintaining documented connections to paramilitary organizations that silence critical voices. 34 trade unionists were killed in 2012 alone.
The situation threatens to escalate further with the adoption of a free trade agreement between the EU, Colombia and Peru. Binding environmental and human rights standards were removed from the agreement under pressure from the industry – despite the fact that the EU itself has noted in a report that without such standards, the free trade agreement would endanger water quality and biodiversity in both countries and promote the destruction of fragile ecosystems. Even in prior trade agreements with Colombia and Peru, these standards were more pronounced.
In addition to mining and oil drilling, palm oil plays an important role in the agreement – it is slated for duty-free import in order to satisfy Europe’s hunger for cheap vegetable oil. This is an incentive to expand the plantations in both countries. In Colombia, oil palm plantations already cover 360,000 hectares. The palm oil boom has spared Peru so far. Yet plans have been drawn up that mark over 4.3 million hectares of rainforest territory as suitable for oil palm plantations. Pilot projects are already showing the devastating effects of monocultures on the people and environment in Peru.